colonnade, arcade, arcature, portico, peristyle are discriminable as used in architecture.
A colonnade is a row of columns (typically on the outside of a building) spaced at regular intervals and carrying an architrave or horizontal member lying directly across their capitals, so that the opening between each pair of columns is square-topped. Colonnade is usually applied not only to the columns but to the entire structure consisting of columns, roof, and pavement or to the space which they enclose. The word is used especially in reference to classical architecture.
An arcade is a long series of arches with their supporting columns and piers together with the other members that complete the structure as an architectural feature. An arcade may be either inside or outside of a building; it may be a purely decorative feature or a means of admitting light and air. When purely decorative, the spaces between the arches and the piers may be filled in (sometimes providing niches for statues); this type of arcade is also called an arcature.
An arcade may take the place of an outer wall (as of a gallery or cloister). Arcade is used especially of types of architecture (as the late Romanesque and the Gothic) in which the arch is an essential feature. Portico and peristyle are used in reference to architectural features employing the colonnade. When the colonnade extends across, or nearly across, one side of a building and serves as an entrance, it is called a portico; when it is continued so as to extend along three or, usually, all four sides of a building, it is called a peristyle,

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • colonnade — [ kɔlɔnad ] n. f. • 1740; colonnate 1675; de colonne 1 ♦ File de colonnes sur une ou plusieurs rangées, formant un ensemble architectural. Les colonnades des temples grecs. 2 ♦ Géol. Ensemble de formations géologiques en forme de colonne.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Colonnade — • A number of columns symmetrically arranged in one or more rows Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Colonnade     Colonnade     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • colonnade — COLONNADE. s. f. collectif. Suite de colonnes rangées pour servir d ornement à un grand édifice, à une place publique, ou à un beau jardin. La colonnade de Saint Pierre. La colonnade des jardins de Versailles. La colonnade du Louvre …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • Colonnade — Col on*nade , n. [F. colonnade, It. colonnata, fr. colonna column. See {Colonel}.] (Arch.) A series or range of columns placed at regular intervals with all the adjuncts, as entablature, stylobate, roof, etc. [1913 Webster] Note: When in front of …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • colonnade — 1718, from Fr. colonnade, from It. colonnato, from colonna column, from L. columna pillar (see HILL (Cf. hill)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Colonnade — (fr., Bauk.), so v. w. Säulenhalle …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Colonnade — Colonnade, eine mit einem Gebälke bedeckte Säulenreihe. S. Säulenordnung …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Colonnade — Colonnade, ein mit Säulen umgebener, wenigstens auf einer Seite offener Gang; die alte Baukunst wandte die C. viel mehr an als die heutige. Es ist übrigens nicht zu leugnen, daß die C. nur in den Südländern ihre eigentliche Anwendung findet; im… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • colonnade — ► NOUN ▪ a row of evenly spaced columns supporting a roof or other structure. DERIVATIVES colonnaded adjective. ORIGIN French, from Latin columna column …   English terms dictionary

  • colonnade — [käl΄ə nād′] n. [Fr < It colonnato < colonna < L columna,COLUMN] Archit. a series of columns set at regular intervals, usually supporting a roof or series of arches colonnaded adj …   English World dictionary

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